By Mu-Chou Poo
Looks at how foreigners have been appeared in 3 historical civilizations, discovering that cultural, now not biophysical, alterations have been key in distinguishing "us" from "them."
Enemies of Civilization is a piece of comparative historical past and cultural recognition that discusses how “others” have been perceived in 3 historical civilizations: Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China. each one civilization used to be the dominant tradition in its a part of the area, and every constructed a state of mind that seemed itself as culturally improved to its buddies. Mu-chou Poo compares those societies’ attitudes towards different cultures and reveals transformations and similarities that show the self-perceptions of every society.
Notably, this paintings indicates that during distinction to fashionable racism in line with biophysical positive factors, such prejudice didn't exist in those old societies. It used to be tradition instead of biophysical nature that was once crucial criterion for distinguishing us from them. by means of reading how societies conceive their prejudices, this publication breaks new floor within the learn of historical background and opens new how one can examine human society, either historic and modern.
Mu-chou Poo is Professor and examine Fellow within the Institute of heritage and Philology at Academia Sinica in Taiwan. he's the writer of a number of books, together with looking for own Welfare: A View of old chinese language faith, additionally released via SUNY Press.
Read or Download Enemies of Civilization: Attitudes toward Foreigners in Ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China (SUNY series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture) PDF
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Additional info for Enemies of Civilization: Attitudes toward Foreigners in Ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China (SUNY series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture)
A letter of Amenophis II to his viceroy of Kush has the next words:O you [possessor of a] lady from Babylon, a maidservant from Byblos, a tender maiden from Alalakh, and an outdated girl from Arapshka, the folk of Takhsy (in Syria) are all of no account. Of what use are they? 50 A stela of Amenophis II recounting the king’s booty after an day trip to Syria mentions the taking pictures of international girls and others that exhibits the level of the influx of foreigners into Egypt:His Majesty reached Memphis, his center pleased, the potent Bull. checklist of this booty:maryannu: 550;their wives:240;Canaanites:640; princes’ young ones: 232; princes’ young children, girl: 323; favorites of the princes of each international nation: 270 girls, as well as their paraphernalia for input taining the guts, of silver and gold, (at) their shoulders; overall: 2214; horses: 820; chariots: 730; as well as all their guns of war. fifty one most likely the ladies have been stored within the courtroom or got to the nobles and officers as presents. overseas ladies may also paintings as weavers within the harem. fifty two on the grounds that as early because the outdated nation overseas women may possibly even marry a prince, fifty three apparently there has been no restrict for an individual, Egyptian or foreigner, to climb the social ladder. Herihor, the excessive priest of Amun in Thebes on the finish of the 20th Dynasty, was once most likely a Libyan. fifty four certainly, the Twenty-second Dynasty was once tested via Libyan settlers within the Western Delta, fifty five whereas the Twenty-fifth Dynasty was once Kushite. fifty six those “foreign rulers,” although, appear to have been completely Egyptianized, so they could imagine a conventional Egyptian angle towards “foreigners. ” A statute of King Taharqa (690-664 BCE) of the Twenty-fifth (Nubian) Dynasty indicates the king stepping at the “Nine Bows,” conventional image of all international nations, together with his personal native land Nubia. fifty seven we will go back to this in regards to the matter of cultural as similation within the subsequent bankruptcy. a distinct classification of foreigners used to be the sons of the overseas princes. there has been alongside culture that international teenagers have been delivered to Egypt as captives of battle and have become slaves. however, it was once in the course of the New nation that sons of international princes have been introduced again to Egypt and raised within the courtroom as one of those hostages. The stela of Amenophis II quoted above is an efficient instance. They have been hostages whereas they have been in Egypt, yet power allies sooner or later after they lower back to their domestic land to be successful their fathers. fifty eight an identical scenario is defined n a stela of Amenophis III about the temple at Thebes:Its paintings home is jam-packed with female and male slaves and with youngsters of the princes of each overseas nation that his majesty despoiled. Its shop rooms [contain] items that can not be counted. it really is surrounded by way of Syrian settlements, inhabited by way of the kids of the princes. fifty nine Up until eventually the hot state, accordingly, foreigners existed in Egypt in all types of social positions, and it appears their presence in Egypt used to be felt as a standard phenomenon.