Translated by way of Aubrey de Sélincourt with an advent and Notes through John M. Marincola.
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22] The 3rd idea, regardless of being the main believable, can also be the furthest from the reality. It claims that the water of the Nile comes from melting snow, yet this can be simply as nonsensical because the others. The Nile flows from Libya and during the center of Ethiopia until eventually it results in Egypt. How, then, might it upward thrust in snowy areas, whilst its path takes it from the most well liked locations on the earth to locations that are, probably, cooler? the concept that it rises in snowy areas is not sensible in any respect, as an individual able to rational idea may possibly observe. the 1st and such a lot convincing piece of proof is that the winds which blow from those areas are hot. Secondly, it by no means rains and frost by no means types within the areas in query, while it's totally inevitable that rain will fall inside 5 days of snow, and so if there has been snow in those areas, there may even be rain. Thirdly, it's so sizzling there that the folk are black. additionally, kites and swallows remain there the entire 12 months around with no leaving, and cranes flee the iciness in Scythia and migrate to those areas to spend the iciness there. briefly, it inevitably follows that if it snowed even a little within the areas during which the Nile flows and the place it rises, none of this stuff might take place.  it truly is most unlikely to argue opposed to the individual that spoke in regards to the Ocean, as the story relies on anything that is imprecise and doubtful. i don't be aware of of the lifestyles of any River Ocean, and that i imagine that Homer or one of many different poets from previous occasions invented the identify and brought it into his poetry.  i assume that, having criticized the theories which were proposed, I should still kingdom my very own idea approximately this vague factor. So for the reason that i feel the Nile floods in the summertime. In wintry weather, the solar is pushed through storms out of its unique course and into the inland areas of Libya. That sums up my view as in short as attainable. in spite of everything, it stands to cause that the closer the god is to a land, and the nearer he passes over it, the extra that land will lack water and the extra its rivers will dry up.  If i'm to specific my view in additional aspect, it really is as follows. In inland Libya, the air is continually transparent, the land is uncovered to the sunlight, and there are not any chilly winds, in order the solar passes over these elements it does precisely what it always does in summer season because it passes in the course of the mid-heaven: it attracts the water to itself after which pushes it away inland, the place the winds take over, and scatter and disperse the moisture. simply as one might count on, then, the winds that blow from there—the south and south-westerly winds—are by way of a long way the main wet of all of the winds. (However, i'm convinced that the solar doesn't in truth cast off the full of the Nile’s annual quantity of water every time, yet retains a few of it in its personal region. ) because the wintry weather storms die down, the sunlight resumes its former path around the mid-heaven, and from then on it attracts water both from all rivers, not only the Nile. in the meantime, despite the fact that, all of the different rivers were swollen by means of lots of rain-water, and as the land is wet and whole of ravines, they pour down in torrents, while in the course of summer time, whilst the rains fail and they're being sucked up by way of the sunlight, their currents are feeble.