By Carol A. Newsom
This quantity investigates severe practices during which the Qumran neighborhood constituted itself as a sectarian society. Key to the formation of the neighborhood was once the reconstruction of the identification of person individuals. during this method the "self" grew to become an incredible symbolic house for the advance of the ideology of the sect. people who got here to adventure themselves in mild of the narratives and symbolic buildings embedded locally practices might have constructed the tendencies of affinity and estrangement important for the structure of a sectarian society. Drawing on a variety of theories of discourse and perform in rhetoric, philosophy, and anthropology, the ebook examines the development of the self in crucial records: the Serek ha-Yahad and the Hodayot.
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Extra info for The Self as Symbolic Space: Constructing Identity and Community at Qumran (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah)
As Alexander and Vermes word, its solidarity, either thematic and sensible, is healthier understood when it comes to its goal as a advisor for the Maskil in his training for his tasks as instructor and religious head of the group. 21 this can be particularly transparent within the recension of 1QS. not just does the rfile commence with a directive to the Maskil, yet different sub-sections are equally brought (3:13; 9:12), the latter of which includes directions particular to the Makil’s personal duties and behaviour and concludes with a primary individual hymn attributed to the Maskil. hence even supposing the record comprises fabric that the Maskil utilized in educating and forming new participants, 1QS additionally has the rhetorical form of a piece of formation for the Maskil himself. R book of the Cave four copies of the Serek ha-Yahad has proven that the rfile existed in different assorted recensions, the connection between that's nonetheless debated. either for useful purposes and since i locate it the main rhetorically attention-grabbing recension, my research will specialize in 1QS. yet a quick account has to be given of ways a few of the copies of the record examine with each other. The manuscript copies of the Serek ha-Yahad vary from each other in basic methods. First, a few of them comprise huge blocks of fabric which are absent in others. moment, a few include a number of explanatory words and scriptural proof-texts that others don't. the 2 major money owed of the recensions of the Serek ha-Yahad were released by means of Metso and by means of Alexander and Vermes. of their variation of the Cave four fragments, Alexander and Vermes recommend that 4 recensions of the Serek ha-Yahad existed. 22 Recension phrases during which each one member of the group proposal and spoke. we can't comprehend, despite the fact that, the skill during which the Maskil conducted his educating. 21 Alexander and Vermes, 10. 22 Alexander and Vermes, 12. In his prior research, “Redaction-History of Serekh 104 A is represented by way of 1QS (Hasmonean semiformal script, ca. 100–75 BCE); recension B via 4QSb and 4QSd (both early Herodian formal script, ca. 30–1 BCE);23 Recension C via 4QSe (late Hasmonean/early Herodian semicursive with semiformal gains, ca. 50–25 BCE); Recension D through 4QSg (late Hasmonean/Herodian semicursive, ca. 50–1 BCE). it's also attainable that 4QpapSa (early Hasmonean cursive, ca. 125–100 BCE) was once an early draft of the rfile, containing a few fabric no longer present in different types. 24 Metso reconstructs an (unattested) unique model of the Serek ha-Yahad which contained the similar of 1QS 5–9. within the extant manuscripts, strains of textual culture could be discerned, one represented via 4QSe, the opposite by way of 4QSb and 4QSd. A compiler who knew either strains of culture produced the recension represented by way of 1QS. 25 even though Alexander and Metso regularly agree of their recensional groupings, they disagree as to their courting and for this reason at the position of 1QS within the historical past of the improvement of the Serek ha-Yahad.